To meet the shortfall of human resource in health, the government is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for “establishment of new medical colleges by upgrading district/referral hospitals” preferably in underserved districts of the country with fund sharing between the Central Government and States in the ratio of 90:10 for NE/special category states and 75:25 for other states.
- To establish 58 medical colleges with intake capacity of 100 in each to increase 5800 seats at the undergraduate level in Government sector.
- To bridge the gap in number of seats available in government and private sector to ensure availability of more MBBS seats for students who cannot afford costly medical education in private sector.
- To mitigate the shortage of doctors by increasing the number of undergraduate seats in the country for equitable health care accessibility across the states.
- To utilise the existing infrastructure of district hospitals for increasing undergraduate seats in a cost effective manner by attachment of new medical college with existing district/referral hospitals.
- Additional human resource in health generated by the scheme would meet the health care needs of the growing population and ensure that doctors are available at PHC/CHC/District level to ensure service guarantee under NRHM.
- Broadbasing of Medical Education in the country by setting up 58 New Colleges, preferably in underserved areas.
The district/referral hospitals to be covered under the scheme would be selected by the Central Government, in consultation with the State governments/UTs, on the basis of following criteria:-
- District/referral hospitals of the districts where there is no medical college.
- District Hospitals/referral hospital with bed strength of 200 or more.
- Preference would be given to the underserved areas.
- Funds for infrastructure development and equipment required for upgrading district/referral hospital into a medical college would be shared between the central and state/UT governments whereas funds for land requirement, faculty, staff component and recurring expenses, which have not been included in the project cost, would be borne by the state/UT government concerned.
- The medical colleges would be established at an estimated cost of Rs.189 crore per medical college for which funds would be shared between the central government and the state governments in the ratio of 90:10 for North Eastern and Special Category states and in the ratio of 75:25 for other states.
- Funds would be released to the respective state/UT governments in 3 instalments comprising of first two instalments towards infrastructure development and third instalment for purchase of equipment after completion of construction work.
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