- As per UNDP reports India has shown improvement in ranking though rank low when compared to Pakistan and Bangladesh which are ranked 147 and 143 respectively, for the year 2014. India’s rank improved from 130 to 135 among 188 countries.
- Norway, Australia and Switzerland occupies top three ranks. HDI takes in to consideration three aspects while measuring the achievement in human development. Those are a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living.
- our Gross National Income rose to USD 5497 from USD5180 during 2013. It increased 388% from 1980.
- Schooling is stagnant since 2011 at 11.7.
- Between 1980 and 2014, India’s life expectancy at birth increased by 14.1 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.5 years and expected years of schooling increased by 5.3 years .
- Due to inequality in distribution of the HDI dimension indices, India lost the average by 28.6% where as Pakistan and Bangladesh lost more to the extent of 29.9% and 29.4%.
- On Gender Development Index (GDI), the report said the 2014 female HDI value for India is 0.525 in contrast with 0.660 for males, resulting in a GDI value of 0.795. In comparison, GDI values for Bangladesh and Pakistan are 0.917 and 0.726, respectively. Talking about Gender Inequality Index (GII), it said India has a GII value of 0.563, ranking it 130 out of 155 countries in the 2014 index.
- Work in wider sense employment or job, participation in public life which develops a sort of attachment, bondage and volunteerism towards families and society. In India women participation in labour is 27% in contrast to male 79.9%. Women held 12.2% seats in parliamentary in India and 27% adult women have minimum higher secondary level of education.
Source:- Economic Times