Eligibility, Features, Interest Rates & Returns Return, Minimum Investment Rules And Other Details
Kisan Vikas Patra
Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) is one among nine small savings schemes offered by India Post. Investment in KVP at present fetches a return of 7.7 per cent. Interest on money deposited in the KVP account is compounded on an annual basis. The annual return of 7.7 per cent on the KVP small savings scheme is applicable for the quarter ending December 31, 2018, according to India Post’s website – indiapost.gov.in. Money invested in Kisan Vikas Patra doubles in a period of 118 months (nine years and ten months), according to India Post, which has a network of more than 1.5 lakh post offices in the country. Initially, it was meant for farmers to enable them to save for long-term, and hence the name. Now it is available for all. To prevent the possibilities of money laundering, the 2014 government made PAN Card proof compulsory for investments above Rs. 50,000. To deposit Rs. 10 lakhs and above, you must submit income proofs (salary slips, bank statement, ITR document etc.). It is a low-risk savings platform, where you can safely park your money for a certain period. Further, it is also mandatory to submit AADHAR number as proof of identity of account holder
Some Insights regarding the Scheme
- Minimum balance needed: A Kisan Vikas Patra account can be opened in a post office against a minimum of Rs. 1,000. The investor can pick any amount in multiples of Rs. 1,000 to invest in Kisan Vikas Patra, according to the India Post website.
- Maximum balance permitted: India Post has no upper limit on the amount that can be invested in a Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) account.
- Who can open a Kisan Vikas Patra account?Kisan Vikas Patra certificates can be purchased in three modes: by an adult for self, on behalf of a minor by an adult, or by two adults. That means the investment can be made singly or jointly.
- Where to invest in Kisan Vikas Patra?KVP certificates can be purchased from any departmental post office, according to India Post.
- Nomination: The KVP account supports a nomination facility, and can be transferred between two persons or post offices.
- The Kisan Vikas Patra certificate can be encashed after a period of two and a half years from the date of issue, according to the post office website.
- Interest rates applicable to Kisan Vikas Patra and other small savings schemes are revised by the government on a quarterly basis.
- Earlier this year, the government hiked the interest rateon Kisan Vikas Patra by 0.4 per cent, and reduced its maturity period by six months.
- In other words, money parked in Kisan Vikas Patra is doubled on maturity, which is nine years and four months away from the date of investment.
- The interest on KVP is calculated on an annual basis, just like small savings schemes such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC)and Sukanya Samriddhi.
Who should invest in the KVP scheme ?
Any Indian citizen above age 18 can buy a Kisan Vikas Patra from the nearest post office. People from rural India (with no bank account) find this particularly appealing. You can also buy one for a minor or jointly with another adult. Don’t forget to mention the date of birth of the minor and the name of the parent/guardian. A Trust can also buy one, but not an HUF or an NRI. KVP is a good choice for risk averse individuals, who have surplus money, which they may not require in the near future. It all depends on your risk profile and goals. For instance, people seeking tax-saving schemes have better options like Public Provident Fund, National Saving Certificates and tax saving bank FD Schemes. If you are open for some level of risk exposure, you have the Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS). Hence, play to your financial strengths.
Features & benefits of Kisan Vikas Patra
I. Guaranteed returns
Regardless of the market fluctuations, you will get the sum guaranteed. As this scheme was originally intended for the farming community, the priority was to encourage them to save for rainy days.
II. Capital protection
It is a safe mode of investment and not subject to market risks. You will receive the investment and gains when the tenure ends.
The effective interest rate for Kisan Vikas patra varies depending on the number of years invested in KVP at the time of purchase. The current interest rate is 7.7% for the quarter 1 October 2018 to 31 December 2018 prior to which the rate was 7.3%, compounded yearly. By compounding the interest, you will receive more returns on your deposit.
The maturity period for Kisan Vikas Patra is 118 months and you can avail the corpus then. The maturity proceeds of KVP will continue to accrue interest till you withdraw the amount.
VI. Rules to premature withdrawal
You can withdraw the amount after 118 months. But the lock-in period is 30 months. Encashing the scheme early is not allowed, unless in the account holder’s demise or court order.
VII. Ease & affordability
KVP is available in denominations of Rs. 100, Rs. 500, Rs. 1000, Rs. 5000, Rs. 10,000 and also Rs. 50,000 for investment. There is no maximum limit. Please note that denominations of Rs. 50,000 are available only at the head post office of a city.
VIII. Loan against KVP certificate
You can use your KVP certificate as collateral or security to avail secured loans. The interest rate is comparatively lesser for such loans.
IX. Nomination facility
Collect a nomination form from the post office, and fill up the required information of the nominee. If you are nominating a minor, mention the date of birth.
X. KVP certificate issuance
If payment is done through cash, they issue the KVP Certificate on the spot. And for Cheque, Demand Draft or Money Order, you will have to wait till the amount is cleared to the post office.
XI. KVP Identity Slip
This includes the Kisan Vikas Patra Certificate, the KVP serial number, the amount, the maturity date and the amount to be received on the date of maturity.
How to invest in Kisan Vikas Patra & the documents required
Investing in Kisan Vikas Patra is simple, as mentioned below. Collect the application form (Form-A) and submit it duly filled to the PO. If the investment in KVP is through an agent, then the agent should fill Form-A1. You can download these forms online. The Know Your Customer (KYC) process is mandatory and you need to submit the ID proof copy (PAN, Aadhaar, Voter’s ID, Driving License or Passport). Once they verify the documents and receive the deposit, you will get a KVP certificate. Keep this safe as you will need to submit this at the time of maturity. You can also request them to send you the certificate by email. In short, if Kisan Vikas Patra seems like a worthwhile investment that matches your financial goals, invest immediately. It is easy enough to open and manage. All you need to do is have the amount ready and pay one visit to the nearest post office. In short, if Kisan Vikas Patra seems like a worthwhile investment that matches your financial goals, invest immediately. It is easy enough to open and manage. All you need to do is have the amount ready and pay one visit to the nearest post office.
Source: NDTV Profit & Cleartax
Author: Arindam Saha