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National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB)

National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% centrally sponsored programme. The purpose of the programme is to develop eye care infrastructure and to provide appropriate eye care services to reduce the prevalence of blindness.


  • Develop Eye Care infrastructure throughout the country
  • Increase institutional capacity for eye care
  • Expand coverage to underserved areas
  • Decentralization to district level
  • Human Resource Development for Eye Care at all levels
  • Improvement in quality of eye care for better visual outcome
  • Secure participation of non-government and private sector.


  • Construction of dedicated eye wards and operation theaters to provide primary eye care;
  • Supply of ophthalmic equipments and consumables;
  • Training of surgeons in IOL implantation and training of other support personnel;
  • GIA to NGOs for augmenting provision of eye care services, development of Eye Banks in Govt. & voluntary sector;
  • School eye screening programme for detection and correction of refractive errors;
  • IEC for public awareness on general eye care.

Financial Assistance to NGOs:

  • Grant-in-aid to NGOs for performance of free cataract operations on blind persons in NGO base hospitals from assigned geographical area through reach-in-approach (Rs.400 for Conventional/Rs.600 for IOL surgery);
  • Grant-in-aid to NGOs for assistance in clearing backlog of cataract blind persons through screening of at risk population, preparation of blind registers, motivation, transportation, free cataract surgery in assigned Govt. base hospitals and follow up services (Rs.125 per case);
  • Grant-in-aid to NGOs for organizing eye camps including free cataract surgery in identified underserved areas (For Conventional upto Rs.400 per surgery);
  • Non-recurring grant-in-aid to NGOs for expansion or upgradation of eye care units in tribal, underserved or backward rural areas (Maximum Rs.17.75 lakhs);
  • Grant-in-aid to NGOs for setting up/strengthening of Eye Banks (Non-recurring Rs.5 lakhs, and Recurring upto Rs.500 per case)

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