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National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

‘National Food Security Mission’ (NFSM), a centrally sponsored scheme, was launched in October 2007 to increase the production of rice, wheet and pulses. The Mission is being continued during 12th Five Year Plan with the targets of additional production of food grains of 25 million tons of food grains comprising of 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of pulses and 3 million tons of coarse cereals by the end of 12th Five Year Plan.


  • Increasing production of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country;
  • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level; and
  • Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.

Criteria for Identification of Areas and Beneficiaries:

  • In accordance with the decision of the Government of India regarding implementation of Special Component Plan (SCP) for Scheduled Castes and Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) for Scheduled Tribes, 16% of the total allocation for SCP and 8% for TSP will be earmarked. The allocation to SC/ST farmers will be made proportionate to their population in the district.
  • At least 33% allocation of the fund is to be made for small and marginal farmers.
  • At least 30% allocation of the fund is to be made for women farmers.
  • All the farmers are entitled to avail the assistance for various components of the Mission limited to 5 hectares in a season.

Accelerated Crop Production Programme (ACPP)

Large blocks of crop areas will be taken up for demonstration of production and protection technologies in a cropping system based mode. A cafeteria of crop specific interventions (bio-fertilizers, nutrients, plant protection chemicals, weedicides etc.) has been illustrated to enable the states to choose interventions relevant to that particular Agro-climatic zone for demonstrations.


  • Field demonstrations of improved package of practices will be conducted on cropping system as well as on sole crop.
  • The cropping system based approach which has been included under NFSM entails that demonstrations are done in cropping sequence on the same plot of land. States should conduct at least 30 % demonstrations under cropping system based approach.

Area of operation:

  • The demonstrations will be conducted in a contiguous block by dividing the fields in two blocks, one for improved practices and the other for farmer’s practices in a cluster of 100 ha or more. Size of cluster for hill and north-eastern States will be 10 ha.
  • All farmers in a cluster would be included in a demonstration. For each farmer, at least 0.4 ha area will be included in demonstration

Cost Norms of Demonstration:

  • The cost of demonstration for one ha area for sole crop (excluding coarse cereals) will Rs 7500/- and Rs. 12,500/-for a cropping sequence.
  • For coarse cereals, the cost of demonstration for one ha area will be Rs. 5000/-.
  • The cost of demonstrations includes organization of field day, distribution of publicity material and visit of scientists/GOI and state officials @Rs. 250, Rs. 250 and Rs. 300, respectively.
  • Beneficiary farmers should be asked to arrange recommended quantity of chemical fertilizers. Additional cost, if any should be borne by the farmer. For an individual farmer, the area under demonstration should not exceed 2 ha.

Distribution of hybrid / certified seed:

  • Seed producing agencies (NSC/SSCs/SAUs/ICAR Institutes/Private Companies) authorized by the State will distribute seed to selected districts. The DFSMEC will finalize the list of beneficiaries in consultation with Village Panchayat. Assistance for purchase of seeds will be available to selected farmers for the area not exceeding 2 ha each. Assistance for purchase of seed is as below:
  • Rice-     

Hybrids- Rs.50/kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less

Varieties less than 10 years old- Rs.10/kg

  • Wheat- Varieties less than 10 years old-Rs.10/kg
  • Pulses- Varieties less than 10 years old-Rs.25/kg or 50% of the cost, whichever is less
  • Coarse Cereals –

Hybrids- Rs.50/kg

Varieties less than 10 years old- Rs.15/kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less.

  • In case of supply of seeds by Central Seed Agencies like NSC/SFCI, reimbursement of subsidy for distribution of Hybrid/HYV seeds of rice, wheat, coarse cereals and pulses will be made directly by the Ministry to such agency, within 20% of State’s Seed distribution target in identified NFSM districts on the basis of verification by Districts/States and adjusted from the State’s overall allocation under seed distribution component.

Nutrient management / soil ameliorants:

  1. This component will be implemented by the State Department of Agriculture. The DFSMEC will finalize the list of beneficiaries in consultation with Village Panchayat.
  2. The micronutrients/lime/gypsum or other sulphur containing fertilizers such as phosphorgypsum/ bentonite sulphur will be applied as basal/foliar application based on the recommendations of ICAR/SAUs concerned. A farmer will be given assistance for a maximum of 2 ha area for the target crop. Following assistance or 50% of the cost whichever is less will be provided:
  • Micronutrient: @Rs.500 per ha
  • Liming or paper mud of acidic soil: @ Rs.1000 per ha
  • Gypsum/other sources of sulphur: @Rs.750 per ha

3. Use of bio-fertilizers such as Rhizobium, phosphate solubilizing bacteria(PSB) in pulses @Rs. 100 per ha or 50% of the cost whichever is less.

4. Crop components covered will be rice, wheat and pulses.

Plant Protection Measures:

  1. Financial assistance of Rs. 500 per ha or 50% of the cost whichever is less will be provided for Integrated Pest Management including plant protection chemicals , bio-pesticides and weedicides in the identified districts. The DFSMEC will finalize the list of beneficiaries in consultation with Village Panchayat.
  2. A farmer will be given assistance for a maximum of 2 ha area for the target crop.

Training of trainers/farmers:

Since the Mission has adopted cropping system-based approach, it is proposed to organize four sessions of each training. One at the beginning of kharif and rabi season, one each during kharif and rabi season. There will be a group of 30 participants/farmers in each session and participants in all four sessions will be same. A sum of Rs 14000/- per training (Rs.3500/- per session /-) will be available. The item-wise breakup of training given as under:

Item Rate (Rs.) Amount (Rs.)
Honorarium for one trainer Rs.500/- per session 2000.00
Training material & stationary Rs.500/- per session 2000.00
Refreshment for trainees Rs.50/- head per session for 35 persons 7000.00
Contingency, POL transport ,etc. Rs.750/- per session 3000.00
  Total 14000.00

Miscellaneous Expenses:

Financial assistance would be provided at district, state and national levels to improve mobility of staff, meet office expenses including stationery and other miscellaneous expenditure.

At district level, the assistance of Rs.1.2 lakh per year for hiring the vehicle, Rs. 0.50 lakh per year for stationery would be provided. An assistance of Rs.1.00 lakh as one time grant for computer and its accessories to new districts or those districts which did not avail this grant during 11th Plan would be provided.

At state level, the assistance of Rs. 1.2 lakh per year for hiring the vehicle, Rs. 1.0 lakh per year for stationery and other contingencies (for every 15 districts). However, such support will not include any expenditure for recurring expenses like pay and allowances to the staff of the State Government.


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