- After the poverty line, the Indian government is looking to move to a new framework to determine beneficiaries of welfare entitlements.
- This framework is grounded in the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC), the numbers for which were released this July for rural India.
- SECC divides households into three brackets:
Automatic exclusion: SECC looks at 14 questions relating to attributes like income, asset ownership and living standards. Across India, around 40% of households fall in this bucket.
Automatic inclusion: It also looks at five questions related to social position and standard of living. Across India, less than 1% of households were placed in this category.
Conditional inclusion: That leaves about 59% of households. To place them, the SECC looks at seven questions on deprivation to assess a household’s social and economic vulnerability.