The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched the third phase of PMKVY in January 2021. Popularly known as PMKVY 3.0, it stands for the third phase of ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana’. Implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), the scheme by MSDE is a flagship, grant, and outcome-based skill training program. Firstly launched in 2015, the scheme had 3 phases till now. Namely:
- PMKVY 1.0 (2015-2016): In the pilot phase of the scheme approximately 19.85 lakh candidates were trained. However, the scheme was further extended in 2016.
- PMKVY 2.0 (2016-2020): Although this phase targetted to train & skill almost 1 crore individuals, the aim was not achieved.
- PMKVY 3.0 (2020-2021): By realizing the vision of ‘Skill India Mission’ 2015, the government has envisaged the training of 8 lakh candidates in this phase. As a result, building a robust pool of skilled professionals.
Importantly, the implementation by the Central and State governments in the 75:25 Ratio makes the scheme a central project. Ergo, using Public-Private partnerships under 2 modes –
- CSDM- Centrally Sponsered Centrally Managed by National Skill Development Corporation.
- CSSM-Centrally Sponsered State Managed by the State Governments through State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs).
- to enable and promote skill development in the country
- for catering to the inappropriate mix of skills and education, outdated curricula, limited industry interfaces, and limited standards.
- providing training infrastructure to the citizens especially youths
- undoubtedly, creating awareness and access to technology in rural areas.
- facilitate short-term skill training programs
- to boost the employability of the youths
- Also, incentivizing a registry of skills
- standardization of the certification process
- Importantly, filling the gap between the industry requirements and skills at the local level.
- Overall, the scheme works on a demand-driven approach. Therefore, addresses the local skill needs via the District Skill Committees.
- Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): RPL often evaluates the existing learning experience or skills to boost employability. With this in mind, it aligns the incompetencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the standardized NSQF skills.
- Short-term training for school/college dropouts or unemployed under National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF).
- In particular, the majority of short-term courses i.e. 2-6 months with soft skills, entrepreneurship, financial and digital literacy curriculum.
- Additionally, providing post-training support and other grievances.
PMKVY services are also available on the ‘Umang’ platform and mobile application for easy incorporation of online training after a post-Covid world. In addition to this, classroom-based training for certain job roles is also available.
To know more about the guidelines of PMKVY click here.